Roman Colosseum, one of the most famous monument of the world
Roman colosseum in 2007 joined the list of the 7 wonders of the modern world; even if it was destroyed for the most part over the centuries.
Commissioned by the Emperor Vespasian, as a gift to the Roman people, around 7072 AD. the Colosseum we see today in fact, represents only 1/3 of the original building. But despite this, it has never stopped being a symbol of a long and tumultuous history of Rome, which continues to enrich the mystery and curiosity.
Curiosities of the Roman Colosseum:
- The Colosseum is an elliptical shaped building, along 189 meters and wide 156 meters, an area of 24,000 square meters with a height of over 48 meters. It has about 80 entrances and could seat about 50 thousand spectators.
- To build it, took a little more than five years, from 75 to 80 A.D. Only the outer wall needed it more than 100 thousand cubic meters of travertine.
- At the beginning it was called the Flavian Amphitheatre (was built by Vespasian and Titus of the Flavian dynasty, ed). The name “Colosseum” has arrived just in the Middle Ages: the most popular theory isbecause it was built near the Nero’s “giant” statue that stood a few meters away from the amphitheater.
- Others say it comes from it’s position, rise on a hill where once stood a temple of Isis (hence Collis Ishi). But there is also a black legend that it was once, a pagan temple, where the devil was worshipped; at the end of each ceremony the priests asked the followers, “Colis Eum?” ( “Do you love him?”)
- The marble facade and some interior parts of the Roman Colosseum was used for the construction of St. Peter’s Basilica and also for civil buildings such as Palazzo Barberini. For a long time the amphitheater was neglected, and in fact, was used as a source of building materials. Until the 18th century when the love for the ancient ruins of Rome returned . It is estimated that over time has remained only a third of what it was the original construction.
- At the time of the gladiators, the Colosseum gained a sinister reputation, to be considered one of the seven gates of hell ( thousands of people died there). It is said that rites were held in it, using the same blood of the dead arena. In the Middle Ages, gangs of bandits used it to bury the victims. In the 500 it was targeted by wizards and sorcerers who seems to liked herbs and magical powers that grew among the ruins.
- Strange but true: for several centuries, botanists study the flora grew spontaneously inside the Colosseum. More than 350 different species of plants have taken root among the ruins, some of exotic origin and whose growth would be supported by the microclimate of the amphitheater
- Inside they were held for a period of time the nauromachia, representations of naval battles in the water, which did not had the same success of the games of gladiators. According to Martin Crapper, professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Edinburgh, the water flowed through a series of internal wells and pipes beneath the stands. To fill the whole arena was needed about
- On sunny days, the Roman Colosseum was covered by a curtain made up of about 80 triangular sails, controlled by 320 support cables. To avoid the sunburn of the spectators during the noon show
- It ‘was the set for numerous films. But it was not filmed at the Colosseum, a film that celebrated the fame all over the world: the Gladiator. The number of obstacles have indeed pushed the director Ridley Scott to film some scenes in the Roman amphitheater of El Jem in Tunisia, and to reconstruct one in Malta, where it was built in 19 weeks and only partially: the bulk has been recreated on the computer.
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